Stirling Castle | William Wallace, Mary Queen Of Scots & More

Stirling Castle is located at a strategically important spot, where the lowlands meet the highlands, giving a defence position.

The castle has therefore played a pivotal role in Scottish history.

In this post, we have highlighted the key events that took place in Stirling Castle. In addition, you can also find information on visiting the castle. Let’s dive in!

stirling castle
Stirling Castles

Where Is Stirling Castle?

Situated in Stirling, Scotland, the Stirling Castle sits on the top of Castle Hill. Surrounded by three cliffs, the castle has a strong defensive position.

The strategic position makes it one of the most important fortifications both historically and architecturally.


When Was It Built And By Whom?

The Stirling Castle dates from at least the 12th Century. The castle has been transformed between 1490 and 1600. All the present buildings have been constructed throughout the years until 1600.

The Stuart Kings, James IV, V, and VI were the key developers of the Stirling Castle. They gave the construction the perfect amalgamation of English, French, and German influences. The structure and architecture largely reflected the international ambitions of the Stuart dynasty.


What Is The History Of Stirling Castle?

King Alexander I (12th Century)

The castle’s existence and story date back to Roman times. With King Alexander I and his reign in the 12th Century, the structure started taking shape.

The focus of wars of Independence

In the wars of Independence, in the 13th and 14th centuries, the Stirling Castle became the key stronghold for the Scottish forces.

William Wallace and Robert, the Bruce, fought to free Scotland from British rule nearby.

Edward I

Edward I

In 1303, the English had the upper hand again. Stirling being the last castle in the hand of the Scottish rule, Edward lay 17 siege engines.

The Scottish forces surrendered. However, as Edward I didn’t get an opportunity to deploy his siege engine – Warwolf, he commanded the garrisons to go back inside the castle.

Furthermore, he was successful in destroying the castle’s gatehouse.

Centre of Biggest Conflicts

In 1307, Edward I died, and the Scottish forces came to power again. The conflicts were consistent, and Stirling Castle became the center of it all due to its strategic position and significance in Scotland.

Mary of Scots and James VI and I

Later, in the year 1371, the Stuart dynasty owned the Stirling Castle.

Stirling Castle became the childhood home for both Mary Queen of Scots and James VI and I. The Stuart dynasty were the key developers of the castle.

The castle got involved in plots and rivalries. Later, it became a military base and finally the home of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.


How To See The Castle Today?

The Stirling Castle is open to the public, and you can visit it from 9.30 am to 6 pm. You will have to make an advance booking to visit the Castle.

The price for the tickets are below:

  • £9.60 for children (5-15)
  • £16.00 for adults
  • Concession tickets
  • Family tickets available (children under five do not need tickets)

Wrapping Up

Stirling Castle has played a crucial role in Scottish history.

Many events took place, and several monarchs have owned this majestic castle.

When you visit Stirling Castle, you will be able to experience and live the events that unfolded in the historic structure.


Other Scottish Castles

Caerlaverock Castle: Scotland’s Triangular Fortress

Caerlaverock Castle: Scotland’s Triangular Fortress

If you’re looking for a breathtaking, history-rich destination in Scotland, look no further than Caerlaverock Castle. Pronunciation: Caerlaverock is pronounced ‘Car-Lav-er-rock’ This mighty, triangular, fortress has stood since the 13th century and has been witness to some of Scotland’s most dramatic moments. Today, the castle is open to visitors who…

Fyvie Castle | 800 year old Aberdeenshire fortress

Fyvie Castle | 800 year old Aberdeenshire fortress

Fyvie Castle has been home to some of Scotland’s oldest families figures, and it’s said to be haunted by more ghosts than any other castle in the country. The Architecture of Fyvie Castle Fyvie Castle is a stunning example of Scottish Baronial architecture. It is built from sandstone and granite and…

Kilchurn Castle, Scotland | Gorgeous Castle On Loch Awe

Kilchurn Castle, Scotland | Gorgeous Castle On Loch Awe

Kilchurn Castle is one of the most picturesque castles in Scotland. This beautiful castle, located on the shores of Loch Awe, has a rich history and stunning setting. It was built in the 15th century by the Campbells of Glenorchy and has since been passed down through generations of this…

Urquhart Castle, Scotland: Visitor’s Guide To Loch Ness’s Ancient Fortress

Urquhart Castle, Scotland: Visitor’s Guide To Loch Ness’s Ancient Fortress

Urquhart Castle, Scotland’s third most visited castle, after Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle, is an imposing ruin set on the banks of the iconic Loch Ness, deep in the heart of the romantic yet unforgiving Scottish Highlands. Urquhart Castle With Loch Ness In Background Urquhart Castle History Sitting on the…

Eilean Donan Castle | Scotland’s Most Photographed Castle

Eilean Donan Castle | Scotland’s Most Photographed Castle

Eilean Donan Castle is one of the most famous castles in Scotland. It is a classic Scottish castle that attracts tourists worldwide, all eager to witness this breathtaking place and the majestic view it offers. This castle is also the most photographed infrastructure in Scotland and has featured is several…

Balmoral Castle | The Royal Family’s Spectacular Summer Home

Balmoral Castle | The Royal Family’s Spectacular Summer Home

Best known as the Scottish holiday home of the Royal Family, Balmoral Castle is an estate house, a category A listed building, and one of the best-known examples of Scottish baronial architecture. Originally built as a hunting lodge by King Robert II of Scotland, the castle has passed through many…

Edinburgh Castle | The Scottish Capital’s Imposing Fortress

Edinburgh Castle | The Scottish Capital’s Imposing Fortress

Edinburgh Castle has a long history and several years of battles. It is one of the most enthralling sites in Scotland. Perched on Castle Rock in Edinburgh, the storied Edinburgh Castle is one of Scotland’s oldest national treasures. As part of the Edinburgh World Heritage Site, this centuries-old castle nestles…

Glamis Castle: Gorgeous Fairytale Castle Connected With Macbeth

Glamis Castle: Gorgeous Fairytale Castle Connected With Macbeth

Glamis Castle, the ancestral seat to the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne, has been standing for over 650 years. It’s located in the village of Glamis in Angus, Scotland, just north of Dundee in Eastern Scotland: It’s open to the public (see below for more info) and is a popular…

Caerlaverock Castle: Scotland’s Triangular Fortress

Caerlaverock Castle: Scotland’s Triangular Fortress

If you’re looking for a breathtaking, history-rich destination in Scotland, look no further than Caerlaverock Castle. Pronunciation: Caerlaverock is pronounced ‘Car-Lav-er-rock’ This mighty, triangular, fortress has stood since the 13th century and has been witness to some of Scotland’s most…

Fyvie Castle | 800 year old Aberdeenshire fortress

Fyvie Castle | 800 year old Aberdeenshire fortress

Fyvie Castle has been home to some of Scotland’s oldest families figures, and it’s said to be haunted by more ghosts than any other castle in the country. The Architecture of Fyvie Castle Fyvie Castle is a stunning example of…

Kilchurn Castle, Scotland | Gorgeous Castle On Loch Awe

Kilchurn Castle, Scotland | Gorgeous Castle On Loch Awe

Kilchurn Castle is one of the most picturesque castles in Scotland. This beautiful castle, located on the shores of Loch Awe, has a rich history and stunning setting. It was built in the 15th century by the Campbells of Glenorchy…

Urquhart Castle, Scotland: Visitor’s Guide To Loch Ness’s Ancient Fortress

Urquhart Castle, Scotland: Visitor’s Guide To Loch Ness’s Ancient Fortress

Urquhart Castle, Scotland’s third most visited castle, after Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle, is an imposing ruin set on the banks of the iconic Loch Ness, deep in the heart of the romantic yet unforgiving Scottish Highlands. Urquhart Castle With…

Eilean Donan Castle | Scotland’s Most Photographed Castle

Eilean Donan Castle | Scotland’s Most Photographed Castle

Eilean Donan Castle is one of the most famous castles in Scotland. It is a classic Scottish castle that attracts tourists worldwide, all eager to witness this breathtaking place and the majestic view it offers. This castle is also the…

Balmoral Castle | The Royal Family’s Spectacular Summer Home

Balmoral Castle | The Royal Family’s Spectacular Summer Home

Best known as the Scottish holiday home of the Royal Family, Balmoral Castle is an estate house, a category A listed building, and one of the best-known examples of Scottish baronial architecture. Originally built as a hunting lodge by King…

Edinburgh Castle | The Scottish Capital’s Imposing Fortress

Edinburgh Castle | The Scottish Capital’s Imposing Fortress

Edinburgh Castle has a long history and several years of battles. It is one of the most enthralling sites in Scotland. Perched on Castle Rock in Edinburgh, the storied Edinburgh Castle is one of Scotland’s oldest national treasures. As part…

Glamis Castle: Gorgeous Fairytale Castle Connected With Macbeth

Glamis Castle: Gorgeous Fairytale Castle Connected With Macbeth

Glamis Castle, the ancestral seat to the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne, has been standing for over 650 years. It’s located in the village of Glamis in Angus, Scotland, just north of Dundee in Eastern Scotland: It’s open to the…